Thursday, March 23, 2017

The Shack: Rejection of the Chief Article of the Christian Faith

This article condenses a series of articles previously published on Brothers of John the Steadfast. That series has been transformed into a free book. Information about the free book is available in the post titled, “Multiple Distributors and Formats for The Shack: A Journey from Pain to Truth to Error."

The novel, The Shack: Where Tragedy Confronts Eternity, has come out as a movie. It is time again to have discernment about its message.

Many worthy critiques address a catalogue of problems and are worth reading. This article focuses on the chief article of faith upon which the church stands or falls, which is justification and the redemption we have in Jesus.[1]

The theology and the story of The Shack arise from two pressures:
  • Pain, tragedy, loss, trauma, and suffering.
  • Perceived inadequacy of traditional American Protestantism to heal pain.
The author, Wm. Paul Young, had a severely abusive childhood. It is a painful story. Mackenzie (Mack) Phillips, the main character in The Shack, had a severely abusive upbringing by his hypocritical Christian father. It is a painful story that Young tells very well. Traditional Protestantism could not heal Young’s pain, he says, and in The Shack, it cannot heal Mack’s pain. Mack’s seminary training and standard Christianity do him no good.

The pain of Young’s upbringing cause him to enter what he calls “the Great Sadness.” Parallel to his great sadness, in the 1980s and 1990s there was a “renaissance of Trinitarian theology.”[2] This happened around the world, across denominational lines, and across disciplines and fields of study. A piece of this renaissance provided Young with his healing and healing for Mack in The Shack.

As it relates to The Shack, the British setting of this renaissance is significant. In Britain, the revival of interest in the Trinity was much influenced by the Study Commission of the British Council of Churches on “Trinitarian Doctrine Today.” This commission met between November 1983 and May 1988. John Zizioulas presented the seminal paper to the commission. His paper delineated the commission’s task and defined its agenda. He agreed with Karl Barth and Karl Rahner that the doctrine of the Trinity has become marginalized in the church. This had happened in both the East and the West. It had happened not only in matters of doctrine, but also with regard to the devotional life of Christians.

The commission published its report titled The Forgotten Trinity. With the report, the commission published a selection of papers and a study guide for local churches. The study guide related the Trinity to worship, Scripture, tradition, our relationship with God, human relationships, and society.

The joint chairs of the Commission were Costa Carras and James B. Torrance. James, his brother Thomas Torrance, Zizioulas, and theologians like them became prime influences on Young. That influence led to the core of the message in The Shack.

A second book, The Shack Revisited, by F. Baxter Kruger, is a more or less authorized commentary on the theology of The Shack. Young himself writes the foreword for The Shack Revisited, saying, “If you want to understand better the perspectives and theology that frame The Shack, this book is for you.”  He describes Kruger as “A Mississippi theologian who cut his intellectual teeth in Aberdeen, Scotland with the Torrance brothers.”

This school of thought, this type of Trinitarian Theology, is not easy to summarize briefly. It draws from many sources in church history including the Cappadocian Fathers, Irenaeus, Athanasius, Karl Barth, Dietrich Bonhoeffer, Robert Farrar Cappon, George MacDonald, James Torrance, Thomas Torrance, Kallistos Ware, Richard Rohr, and John Zizioulas, to name a few.

For our purposes here, we can summarize Trinitarian Theology this way:
  • First, we begin with a concept called perichoresis as the essence of the Trinity.
  • Second, perichoresis expands to become a theory-of-everything.
Young and Kruger really do mean everything. Confining ourselves to theology, however, for the sake of this article, perichoresis conditions all other doctrines. It becomes a hermeneutical principle that governs how Scripture is interpreted. What we are to believe about creation, law, fall, sin, wrath, promise, faith, repentance, conversion, justification, atonement, sanctification, adoption, testament, new covenant, reconciliation, eschatology, holiness, and more is subject to what fits with the perichoretic Trinity.

As Roderick T. Leupp says, “If today's devotees of trinitarian theology learn only one technical term, perichoresis should be it.”[3] Kruger describes perichoresis this way:

The sharing between the Father and Son in the Spirit is so deep and genuine, the intimacy so real and personal, that our minds are forced to move even beyond the rich notion of face-to-face fellowship into the world of mutual indwelling and union. The relationship of the Son and the Father in the Spirit is a living and unobstructed fellowship of love of the deepest order. They know one another fully. They live a fellowship of unqualified personal interchange and communion in the Spirit, which is so flawless, so rich and thorough and true, that there is literal mutual indwelling. The Persons pass into one another and contain one another without losing themselves. When one weeps, the other tastes salt, yet they never get so entangled or enmeshed that they lose themselves and become one another. The beautiful word perichoresis (peri-co-ray-sis), my favorite theological word, says both things at once.(6) Perichoresis means mutual indwelling, or interpenetration, without loss of individuality: “The doctrine of the perichoresis links together in a brilliant way the threeness and the unity, without reducing the threeness to the unity, or dissolving the unity in the threeness.”(7)[4]

There is much good in the renaissance of Trinitarian theology. Pain brought Young to it, and that was a journey from pain to truth.

Tragically, however, the specific vein adopted by Young in real life and Mack in the novel gets carried away and falls into error. Based on perichoretic speculations, The Shack teaches that God never had wrath on sin. The perichoretic nature of love forbids it. God is not allowed the complexity or mystery of simultaneous wrath and love. For as lofty and dazzling as it sounds, Trinitarian Theology really flattens God to a cardboard cutout of humanly manageable proportions.

The Shack expressly and purposely contradicts the historic Christian understanding of this compact confession of the Gospel:

How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered Himself without spot to God, cleanse your conscience from dead works to serve the living God? (Hebrews 9:14)

This verse shows the actions of each person of the Trinity. Christ offers himself as a blood sacrifice. He offers himself through the Spirit. God receives and accepts Christ’s sacrifice.

By these actions, the Triune God worked for us “the redemption that is in Christ Jesus, whom God set forth as a propitiation by His blood.” (Romans 3:24-25) In his Incarnation and state of humiliation, Christ was “made like His brethren, that He might be a merciful and faithful High Priest in things pertaining to God, to make propitiation for the sins of the people.” (Hebrews 2:17) “He Himself is the propitiation for our sins, and not for ours only but also for the whole world.” (1 John 2:2) “In this is love, not that we loved God, but that He loved us and sent His Son to be the propitiation for our sins.” (1 John 4:10)

The Shack teaches that none of that work of God to save us was necessary. We just got psyched out by the fall into sin and projected a notion of wrath onto God. That was just in our insane minds. Jesus went to the cross not to actually bear the wrath of God on sin, but to clear up our distorted perception of God, showing that because of perichoretic love, this whole wrath deal with just a big boogeyman man of our own making.

And there it goes, the chief article upon which the church stands or falls. The doctrine of justification and the redemption we have in Jesus is tossed out. Instead of putting our confidence before God in the blood of Jesus, The Shack teaches us to trust that perichoresis means there never was any wrath.

In The Shack, the shack comes to symbolize the mess inside ourselves. Supposedly, the perichoretic theory is going to heal that mess. The problem historic Christianity thought sees with The Shack is that it fails to deal with the shack – the shack of actual sin, wrath, and forsakenness, which Christ bears in the place that was mine, the cross. The Shack leaves us in our sins. It leaves us in the shack.

Besides the catalog of problems noted in other critiques, a central error of The Shack is its rejection of atonement and justification. This is not a small problem. This pretty much eliminates the point of the Christian religion. To believe The Shack is to disbelieve Christ.
________________________
 
[1] Luther called this doctrine the articulus stantis et cadentis ecclesiae (‘article of the standing and falling of the church’): ‘…if this article stands, the Church stands; if it falls, the Church falls.’  In XV Psalmos graduum 1532-33; WA 40/III.352.3. In the Smalcald Articles, he said:

The first and chief article is this: Jesus Christ, our God and Lord, died for our sins and was raised again for our justification (Romans 3:24-25). He alone is the Lamb of God who takes away the sins of the world (John 1:29), and God has laid on Him the iniquity of us all (Isaiah 53:6). All have sinned and are justified freely, without their own works and merits, by His grace, through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus, in His blood (Romans 3:23-25). This is necessary to believe. This cannot be otherwise acquired or grasped by any work, law or merit. Therefore, it is clear and certain that this faith alone justifies us ... Nothing of this article can be yielded or surrendered, even though heaven and earth and everything else falls [Mark 13:31].
 
Smalcald Articles, The Second Part, Article I, The Chief Article, ¶¶ 1-5, in McCain, Paul Timothy, ed., Concordia: The Lutheran Confessions, 2nd ed. (St. Louis: Concordia Publishing House, 2006).p. 263.
 
[2]  Christopher Schwöbel, ‘The Renaissance of Trinitarian Theology: Reasons, Problems and Tasks,’ in idem, ed., Trinitarian Theology Today: Essays on Divine Being and Act (Edinburgh: T&T Clark, 1995), pp. 1-30.
 
[3] Roderick T. Leupp, Renewal of Trinitarian Theology (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2008), pp. 71-72, quoted in James D. Gifford, Jr., Perichoretic Salvation: The Believer's Union with Christ as a Third Type of Perichoresis, (Eugene, OR: Wipf & Stock, 2011), p. 15.
 
[4] Kruger, C. Baxter, The Shack Revisited: There Is More Going On Here than You Ever Dared to Dream FaithWords. Kindle Edition., pp. 112-113, (citing at n. 6, Thomas F. Torrance, The Christian Doctrine of God, pp. 168ff, and quoting at n. 7, Jürgen Moltmann, The Trinity and the Kingdom: The Doctrine of God (London: SCM Press, 1981), p. 175. Perichoresis is to dance or flow around, mutual movement, mutual indwelling.  Each of the divine persons centers upon the others. None demands that the others revolve around him. Each voluntarily circles the other two, pouring love, delight, and adoration into them. Each person of the Trinity loves, adores, defers to, and rejoices in the others. That creates a dynamic, pulsating dance of joy and love. See Tim Keller, The Reason for God: Belief in an Age of Skepticism, (New York: Penguin Group, 208) p. 215.
  

Wednesday, March 8, 2017

Multiple Distributors and Formats for The Shack: A Journey from Pain to Truth to Error

The Shack: A Journey from Pain to Truth to Error, offers a new kind of critique of the novel and movie, The Shack, and it is being distributed by multiple distributors in multiple formats.

While the many Reformed and Arminian critiques are worth reading, this book offers a confessional Lutheran critique that focuses on the chief article of faith upon which the church stands or falls. The chief article is justification and the redemption we have in Jesus.

Looking for healing for his Great Sadness, the author of The Shack missed the consolation provided by Christian faith and ministry. Instead, he hit upon a particular strain of thought from the renaissance of Trinitarian theology that happened worldwide in the 1980s and 1990s. This theology has much to be commended. Tragically, however, it departs from the teaching of Scripture about the atoning sacrifice of Jesus for us on the cross. It denies the wrath of God on sin, and denies that Jesus bore that wrath for us. The Shack teaches a different theory of the cross that springs from perichoretic speculations about the Trinity.

The Shack: A Journey from Pain to Truth to Error is available in free eReader or PDF editions on Barnes & Noble, Kobo, iTunes, Scribd, Smashwords, Shakespir, Brothers of John the Steadfast, and here on Twin Stone Warden. The mobi-formatted edition on Smashwords works on Amazon Kindle, and the epub-formatted edition works on most other eReaders.

Amazon usually will not distribute a free Kindle edition, but as of this writing, it is distributing this book for free. (Previously it was $0.99). Amazon also distributes a paperback edition for $3.59.

Here are the links to where it is distributed (with more distributors coming in the next weeks):


Tuesday, February 28, 2017

What's the Deal on Imposition of Ashes?



The following is an excerpt from a set of Frequently Asked Questions published by the Lutheran Church – Missouri Synod.

What is the significance of Ash Wednesday and ashes on the forehead?
 
Q: Would you please explain the significance of Ash Wednesday. I've seen some people in the past with black ash crosses on their foreheads.
 
A: Lutheran Worship: History and Practice, a commentary on Lutheran Worship, one of our Synod's hymnals, says this about ashes on Ash Wednesday: "Other customs may be used, particularly the imposition of ashes on those who wish it. This ancient act is a gesture of repentance and a powerful reminder about the meaning of the day. Ashes can symbolize dust-to-dustness and remind worshipers of the need for cleansing, scrubbing and purifying. If they are applied during an act of kneeling, the very posture of defeat and submission expresses humility before God."
 
The use of ashes on Ash Wednesday is a more recent custom among most LCMS congregations, although some have done it for decades. The ashes are usually derived from the burned palms from the previous Palm Sunday. Experience will show, however, that in obtaining ashes this way, it doesn't take many ashes to "ash" a whole congregation. Like sin, they are very dirty and go a long way. One palm leaf will produce enough ashes for several years.
 
Usually the pastor takes the ashes on the end of his thumb and makes the sign of the cross on the forehead of each worshiper, saying these words: "Remember: you are dust, and to dust you shall return." This follows most effectively prior (or as part of) the Service Corporate Confession and Absolution on pp. 290-291 of Lutheran Service Book.
 
For more information, read the Frequently Asked Question about Lent (see page 10).
 
Usage: We urge you to contact an LCMS pastor in your area for more in-depth discussion.
 
Published by: LCMS Church Information Center
©The Lutheran Church—Missouri Synod
1333 S. Kirkwood Road, St. Louis, MO 63122-7295
888-843-5267 • infocenter@lcms.org • www.lcms.org/faqs

Sunday, February 12, 2017

46.5% Off Arch Books to Engage Young Children in Lent and Easter

The Arch® Book series tells popular Bible stories through fun-to-read rhymes and bright illustrations, published by Concordia Publishing House. This well-loved series captures the attention of children, telling scripturally sound stories that are enjoyable and easy to remember.
In time for the coming season of Lent and Easter, Concordia Publishing House is offering a sale on a nice collection of six favorite Arch Books. Share the stories of Easter with the Best-Loved Easter Stories Arch Book, a 50th anniversary edition that includes six complete Arch Book favorites:
  • Jesus Enters Jerusalem
    This book retells the story of Jesus entering Jerusalem on what has become Palm Sunday (Matthew 21:1-11, Mark 11:1-11, Luke 19:28-38, and John 12:12-19).
  • The Week That Led to Easter
    This book retells the events of Palm Sunday through Easter day (Matthew 21:1—28:10; Mark 11:1—16-8; Luke 19:29—24:12; John 12:12—20:10).
  •  Good Friday
    This book tells the events of Holy Week until Jesus' body was placed in the tomb (Matthew 21:1—27:61, Mark 11:1—15:47, Luke 19:28—23:56, and John 12:12—19:42).
  •  Barabbas Goes Free
    This book retells the story of Barabbas, his life and his release by Pilate during Jesus' trial (Matthew 27:15-26, Mark 15:6-15, Luke 23:13-25, and John 18:20).
  •  The Resurrection
    A favorite for more than four decades, Arch Books captivate children with colorful pictures and creative poems. Each book presents a complete Bible story in a fun-to-read way children ages 5-9 will understand and remember.
  •  My Happy Easter
    This book retells the story of Jesus' burial through the encounter with Mary, Mary Magdalene, and Jesus after his resurrection (Matthew 27:57—28:10).
Let’s take a look at the savings. The regular price for one Arch Book is $2.49. For the impact these books have, that is a good price. If we were to buy one set of these six books individually at regular prices, that would be $14.94. The regular price for this six book collection, however, is $9.99. And, right now, this collection is on sale for $7.99. That is 46.5% off the individual book pricing! Even compared to the usual quantity discount pricing offered by CPH, that is a better deal for quantities in scale for small to medium congregations to give the collection to all their children.
One last thing. While I am not big on knickknack stuff, what CPH is offering with this on orders of $79 or more is actually something spiritually useful, Martin Luther’s Morning Prayer Canvas Print. Check the Free Gift Offer link for information about the item and how to claim it.

Saturday, January 21, 2017

Objective & Subjective Justification -- Pastors Todd Wilken & Rolf Preus



Have you heard the terms "objective justification" and "subjective justification"? Have you had questions about them? Have you been confounded by them?

Be of good cheer!

Pastor Todd Wilken interviews Pastor Rolf Preus on Issues, Etc., on "Objective & Subjective Justification." Listen to this clarifying and faith-strengthening broadcast on demand.

Wednesday, January 18, 2017

Who should judge a talent competition, or your whole life?

Television has many talent competitions. Big hit shows include Pop Idol, American Idol, Britain's Got Talent, America's Got Talent, The Voice, and The X Factor.

Sometimes the choice of judges is controversial. Highly accomplished vocal performer, Sir Tom Jones, took a swipe at The X Factor's Simon Cowell, saying he is not qualified to judge because he has never sung live on stage himself. Jones refused to become a judge until he knew his fellow judges were musicians too. He said, “I watched other talent shows [thinking] how can this person … give singers advice if they've never gone through it themselves?”

Jones is on to something. To judge, it helps to have “walked a mile in their shoes.”

This is more important in spiritual judgment. When Jesus said, “Judge not,” He went on to say, “That you be not judged, for with what judgment you judge, you will be judged; and with the measure you use, it will be measured back to you.” (Matthew 7:1b-2) He also said, “Do not judge according to appearance, but judge with right judgment.”  (John 7:24)

So, Jesus is not against all judgment. He is against unfair, unqualified judgment. Jesus himself will judge. Based on many passages in Scripture, the Apostles Creed says, “He will come to judge the living and the dead.”

Can we say to Jesus, “Who are you to judge me” or “You don’t know what I am going through?” Has Jesus walked a mile in our shoes?

Before Jesus is exalted as judge, first He voluntarily humiliated himself to be tempted and suffer completely as we do. While Jesus gave the Law through Moses, He also was “born of a woman, born under the Law, to redeem those who were under the Law.” (Galatians 4:4-5) He “was in all points tempted as we are, yet without sin,” and thereby He can "sympathize with our weaknesses."  (Hebrews 4:15)  He is not what Jones objects to, a judge of singers who himself never sang.

Jesus is exalted to the place of judge because He is humble. “He humbled Himself and became obedient to the point of death, even the death of the cross. Therefore God also has highly exalted Him and given Him the name which is above every name, that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow.” (Philippians 2:8-10)  “Worthy is the Lamb who was slain to receive power.” (Revelation 5:12)

Jesus has done everything He judges. He will judge by a standard of fair notice in the Word that He preached. “The one who rejects me and does not receive my words has a judge; the word that I have spoken will judge him on the last day.” (John 12:48) By his sufferings, He earned for us the way out of judgment, which is the forgiveness of sins. “He who hears my word and believes in Him who sent Me has everlasting life, and shall not come into judgment, but has passed from death into life.” (John 5:24)

Saturday, January 14, 2017

Jesus Plays No Harp. He Swings a Hammer.

The website TV Tropes has an article about a figure often used in television, called “Fluffy Cloud Heaven.”  In this figure, heaven is heavenly blue. It is in the clouds. The clouds are solid enough to walk on. When we die, we get our wings, a white robe, and a halo.  We become angels, float in clouds, and play harps. Heaven seems like a place for dawdling.

In reality, we know of only one person who has ascended into heaven. That person is Jesus, Is Jesus just floating on clouds and playing a harp?

The apostles saw Jesus ascend into heaven. “While they watched, He was taken up, and a cloud received Him out of their sight. And while they looked steadfastly toward heaven as He went up, behold, two men stood by them in white apparel, who also said, ‘Men of Galilee, why do you stand gazing up into heaven? This same Jesus, who was taken up from you into heaven, will so come in like manner as you saw Him go into heaven.’” (Acts 1:9-11)

What is Jesus doing in heaven? He said, “In My Father’s house are many mansions; if it were not so, I would have told you. I go to prepare a place for you. And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again and receive you to Myself; that where I am, there you may be also.” (John 14:2-3)

On earth, Jesus was not a slacker. He was a carpenter. He worked. He built houses. In his ascension, He is not loafing around in Fluffy Cloud Heaven. He is building mansions. He is not playing a harp. He is swinging a hammer.

God is industrious. During his earthly ministry, Jesus said, “My Father is still working, and I am working also.” (John 5:17)  Fluffy Cloud Heaven assumes we rise to the heavens that exist now, but the Apostle John said, “I saw a new heaven and a new earth, for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away.” (Revelation 21:1) God says, “I will create a new heaven and a new earth.” (Isaiah 65:17)

Christ is working, building a new heaven and mansions in his Father’s house. Christ’s ascension teaches us to think often of heaven, and look forward with joy to our heavenly home. The Apostle Paul says, “If then you were raised with Christ, seek those things which are above, where Christ is, sitting at the right hand of God. Set your mind on things above, not on things on the earth.” (Colossian 2:1-2)

Paul said, “For our citizenship is in heaven, from which we also eagerly wait for the Savior, the Lord Jesus Christ, who will transform our lowly body that it may be conformed to His glorious body, according to the working by which He is able even to subdue all things to Himself.” (Philippians 3:20-21)

Repent, believe the Gospel, and look forward with joy to your ascension into the real, new heaven.

Monday, January 9, 2017

Lutheran Sermons Online


 
Alphabetically by last name
Version 1.05
Updated 2-5-17

Pastor Randy Asburry


Pater Larry Beane


Pastor Mark C. Bestul


Pastor Phil Booe


Pastor Scott Bruzek
Pastor David Buchs
Rev. Dr. Arthur Just
Rev. Dr. John Kleinig
Pastor Marcus Nelson


Pastor Matthew Dent


Pastor Martin W. Diers


Pastor Chad Eckels
Pastor Tich Luu
Pastor Matthew Schilling


Evangelical Lutheran Synod Page of Links to Sermons and Services

Pastor Brian Flamme
Pastor Bryan Wolfmueller


Pastor James A. Frey


Pastor Garry V. Heintz


Pastor Charles Henrickson


Pastor Philip Hoppe


Pastor Jonathan Huehn


Pastor Christopher Hull


Pastor Jarrod Hylden


LCMS Sermons


Pastor Jordan McKinley


Pastor Gaven Mize


Pastor Paul Monson


Pastor Johannes Nieminen


Pastor Carl Noble


Pastor Evan E. Parat


Pastor Raymond D Parent II


Pastor David Petersen
Pastor Michael Frese


Pastor Eric Phillips


Pastor Rolf Preus

Christ for Us
Text and Audio.
Arranged by Biblical Text and Historic Lectionary

Pastor Matt Richard

PM Notes
Zion Lutheran (videos, on Facebook)

Pastor Chris Rosebrough


Pastor Joshua Scheer


Pastor Daniel K. Schroeder


Pastor Tony Sikora


Pastor Tapani Simojoki

Our Saviour Lutheran
Fareham, Hampshire, UK

Pastor Jason Swan


Pastor Benjamin Tomczak

Video - Youtube
Video - Facebook Page
Audio - Livestream of Divine Service (8/10:30am Sunday, Sept-May; 7pm, Wed, 9am, Sun, Memorial Day-Labor Day. When it's not service time, sermons are streamed from an archive dating back to 2013.)
Audio - Bethel Evangelical

Pastor James Uglum


Pastor David Jay Webber


Pastor Neil Wehmas


Pastor Mark Weis


Pastor Sam Wellumson


Pastor Ryan Wendt


Pastor Clayton Wilfer


Pastor Guillaume Williams


Pastor Paul L. Willwebe


Pastor Alan J. Wollenburg